Fuel types of new buses: diesel 85%, hybrid 4.8%, electric 4%, alternative fuels 6.2% share in 2019
Last year, 85.0% of all new medium and heavy buses (over 3.5 tonnes) registered in the European Union were fuelled by diesel, while the market share of petrol in this segment was close to zero. All alternatively-powered vehicles (APV) combined accounted for 15.0% of the EU bus market in 2019, with electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECV) making up 4.0% of total new bus registrations.
Diesel and petrol buses
In 2019, EU demand for diesel buses decreased by 3.1% to 34,123 units. Four of the five major EU markets recorded double-digit losses in the diesel segment: Spain (-13.8%), the United Kingdom (-12.0%), Italy (-11.8%) and Germany (-10.1%). France was the only market to post modest growth (+2.4%) in registrations of new diesel buses. Across the entire European Union1, only eight petrol buses were sold in 2019.
Alternatively-powered vehicles (APV)
Last year, registrations of new electric2 buses in the EU increased by 170.5% from 594 units in 2018 to 1,607 buses sold in 2019. Electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECV) accounted for 4.0% of total EU bus sales. The Netherlands was the biggest market for these vehicles with 381 electric buses registered last year, followed by France (285) and Germany (187). Together, these three countries accounted for more than half of all electrically-chargeable busses sold last year.
Overall in 2019, 1,918 hybrid buses were registered across the European Union, or 59.7% more than the year before. These hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) held a market share of 4.8%. However, nearly all registrations were concentrated in just six countries: Germany (454 units), Spain (427), Belgium (371), Italy (255), France (210) and the Netherlands (125). By contrast, no hybrid electric buses were registered at all in 13 EU countries in 2019.
6.2% of all new buses sold in the EU last year ran on alternative fuels3, representing an increase of 67.9% to 2,504 registrations – nearly all of them being powered by natural gas. France (585 units), Spain (463), Italy (303) and Sweden (284) were the largest EU markets for natural gas buses, the latter also recording the highest percentage increase across the region (+283.8%).
1 Data for Bulgaria, Croatia, Malta, Lithuania and Iceland not available, 2019 data for the EU still include the United Kingdom
2 Electrically‐chargeable vehicles (ECV) include full battery electric vehicles, fuel‐cell electric vehicles, extended‐range vehicles and plug‐in hybrids
3 Comprises natural gas, LPG, biofuels and ethanol vehicles